Insights

Travelling recently to the Great Lakes, it’s hard not to be struck by the remarkable processes that have shaped them. As glaciers advanced and withdrew over thousands of years, ice sheets eroded the land, exposing the basins carved into its surface. The ice melted, filling...

Primary productivity   Phytoplankton form the basis of the aquatic food web. By utilizing pigments such as chlorophyll and phycoerythrin, they are able to absorb solar energy to convert carbon dioxide and water into high-energy organic carbon compounds. This fuels growth by synthesising vital components such as amino...

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